The SMRE includes statistics on religious affiliation for 50 European countries and covers two periods of reporting, namely 2000 (1996-2005) and 2010 (2006-2015). Technically speaking, the SMRE web database is a web based relational database management system (RDBMS). The model building and programming is a joint endeavour of the SMRE team and the Swiss based IT-company ongoing (Cham).


The metadatabase includes data on 50 European countries.

The countries included already in the first phase are: Albania ALB; Andorra AND; Austria AUT; Belgium BEL; Bulgaria BGR; Bosnia-Herzegovina BiH; Belarus BLR; Switzerland CHE; Cyprus CYP; Czech Republic CZE; Germany DEU incl. Germany East DEU-O and Germany West DEU-W; Denmark DNK; Spain ESP; Estonia EST; Finland FIN; France FRA; Great Britain GBR; Greece GRC; Croatia HRV; Hungary HUN; Ireland IRL; Island ISL; Italy ITA; Kosovo KOS; Liechtenstein LIE; Lithuania LTU; Luxembourg LUX; Latvia LVA; Macedonia MKD; Malta MLT; Montenegro MNE; the Netherlands NDL; Norway NOR; Poland POL; Portugal PRT; Romania ROM; Serbia SRB; Slovakia SVK; Slovenia SVN; Sweden SWE; Turkey TUR; Vatican City VAT.

In the second phase of the SMRE-Project (2015-2018) Armenia, Aserbaidschan, Georgia, Monaco, Moldova, Russia, San Marino and the Ukraine will be implemented into the SMRE.


Thus far, data sources included in the SMRE are for example:

Official Census-Data of Austria (2001), Bulgaria (2004 and 2011), Croatia (2001), Cyprus 2001, Estonia (2000), Great Britain 2003, Iceland (1998 – 2012), Macedonia 2002, Montenegro  (2004 and 2011), Slovenia (2002) and Switzerland (2000 and 2010).

Surveys and metadata sets: Church and Religion in an Enlarged Europa (C&R 2006), Encyclopaedia Britannica almanac 2008, ESS. European Social Survey, eurel, EVS. European Values Survey, Fischer Weltalmanach 2009, ISSP. International Social Survey Programme, Pew Report on The future of the global Muslim population. Projections for 2010-2030, Pew Report Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Christian Population, Religionsmonitor 2008, REMID, The CIA World Factbook, World Christian Database, World Religion Database, Worldmapper Datasets.

Statistical information originating from publications like Pollack, Detlef; Borowik, Irena; Jagodzinski, Wolfgang (1998): Religiöser Wandel in den postkommunistischen Ländern Ost- und Mitteleuropas. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag. Gerhards, Jürgen (2006): Kulturelle Unterschiede in der Europäischen Union. Ein Vergleich zwischen Mitgliedsländern, Beitrittskandidaten und der Türkei. 2. Aufl. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. Alesina, Alberto; Devleeschauwer, Arnaud; Easterly, William; Kurlat, Sergio; Wacziarg, Romain (2003): Fractionalization. In: Journal of economic growth 8 (2), S. 155–194. Minkenberg, Michael (2007): Religious Legacies and the Politics of Multiculturalism: A Comparative Analysis of Integration Policies in Western Democracies. Hg. v. Ford Institute for Human Security’s working group on. Matthew B. Ridgway Center. Minkenberg, Michael (2010): Church, state and the politics of citizenship. A comparative study of 19 Western democracies. In: Jeffrey Haynes (Hg.): Religion and politics in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. London / New York: Routledge, S. 23–50. Pickel, Gert; Müller, Olaf (Hrsg.) (2009): Church and religion in contemporary Europe. Results from empirical and comparative research. 1. Aufl. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften and Tomka, Miklós; MaslauskaitÄ—, Aušra (1999): Religion und Kirchen in Ost(Mittel)-Europa. Ostfildern: Schwabenverlag.